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陕西自考网> 试题题库列表页> 下面的短文有10处空白,短文后列出12个词,其中10个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。SupermarketMost supermarkets need a very large floor area, sometimes at least ten times as big as that of an ordinary shop. There are usually two doors, one as an entrance and the other as an     31   . The rest of the side facing the street is largely of plate glass, with goods or advertising material displayed. The other three walls are     32    decorated in light colors, giving an     33   of cleanliness and brightness. At right angles to the window stretch long structures about six feet  ___34____ with a number of shelves on each side. Similar shelf units or frozen food containers extend round the walls. Broad aisles (通道) between the shelf units and ample (足够的) space between them and the window and also the far wall     35    room for the circulation of many people.    36   commodities (商品) , in tins,  bags, boxes or other containers, are stacked (堆放) in groups on the shelves, and each group is   37   with a price ticket. Metal baskets near the entrance are taken by the shoppers who collect the goods that they  ___38____ from the shelves. Between the shelf units and the windows are a number of small corners about three feet high. Beside each  ___39____ a cashier, who operates a machine for the totaling cost of each customer's purchases. The customer places the basket at one end of the counter so that it can be emptied by the cashier who records the price of the commodities one by one, before putting each on a moving section of the counter top. The cashier finally hands a printed slip recording all prices to the  ___40____, who pays the total, collects the bag and leaves. A. sitsB. highC. exitD. customerE. variousF. smallG. tallH. normallyI. allowJ. impressionK. labeledL. select

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下面的短文有10处空白,短文后列出12个词,其中10个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。

Supermarket

Most supermarkets need a very large floor area, sometimes at least ten times as big as that of an ordinary shop. There are usually two doors, one as an entrance and the other as an     31   . The rest of the side facing the street is largely of plate glass, with goods or advertising material displayed. The other three walls are     32    decorated in light colors, giving an     33   of cleanliness and brightness.

At right angles to the window stretch long structures about six feet  ___34____ with a number of shelves on each side. Similar shelf units or frozen food containers extend round the walls. Broad aisles (通道) between the shelf units and ample (足够的) space between them and the window and also the far wall     35    room for the circulation of many people.    36   commodities (商品) , in tins,  bags, boxes or other containers, are stacked (堆放) in groups on the shelves, and each group is   37   with a price ticket. Metal baskets near the entrance are taken by the shoppers who collect the goods that they  ___38____ from the shelves.

Between the shelf units and the windows are a number of small corners about three feet high. Beside each  ___39____ a cashier, who operates a machine for the totaling cost of each customer's purchases. The customer places the basket at one end of the counter so that it can be emptied by the cashier who records the price of the commodities one by one, before putting each on a moving section of the counter top. The cashier finally hands a printed slip recording all prices to the  ___40____, who pays the total, collects the bag and leaves.

A. sits

B. high

C. exit

D. customer

E. various

F. small

G. tall

H. normally

I. allow

J. impression

K. labeled

L. select


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Task 2

21. In most cases of cloud-to-ground lightning, the ground's surface__________

22. One form of lightning that is ball lightning. __________

23. Cloud lightning looks like a ribbon when its lighting channel__________

24. Although not fully understanding processes of lightning, man__________

25. Lightening can__________

A. occurs most infrequently

B. is shifted sideways by strong winds

C. strike twice or more in the same spot

D. is equipped with a good knowledge of various forms of lightning

E. is estimated at 20 million a year

F. is positively charged


下面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文,清根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。

Elections

Surprises often come in boxes, such as birthday presents wrapped in colorful paper, brown paper packages mailed from a friend. No matter what kind of box it is, people like to open it up and see what's inside. In America, and in many other countries, one special kind of box contains the future. It's called a ballot box. What people put into the box on Election Day can change the course of history.

Elections are the lifeblood of a democracy. The word democracy literally means“the people rule”.    26    In the mid-1700s, England began passing laws that made the American colonies angry. The colonists had to pay more and more taxes and enjoyed less and less freedom.    27     On July 4, 1776, the colonies declared their independence from England. They wanted to establish a democracy where people could have a voice in government.

An effective democracy holds regular elections.___28____ In these elections, all seats in the House of Representatives and one third of the Senate seats are up for grabs. In addition, every four years, voters go to the polls to elect the nation's president and vice-president. Voters also regularly cast their ballots for state and city government leaders and local school board members. Sometimes they also have to vote on a proposed law.

In the American electoral system, people don't really vote for presidential candidates.    29   Each state has as many electors as the total number of its representatives in Congress. This equals two senators per state plus the number of its representatives in the House (which is based on the state's population) . The candidate who has the most votes in a state wins all of the state's electors. To win the presidential election, a candidate must gain at least 270 of the 538 total electoral votes.

Over the years, the U. S. has made a number of election reforms. Some early reforms outlawed cheating, giving bribes and threatening voters. ___30____

In November, Americans will again elect those who will represent them in government. Although some citizens aren't even registered to vote—and some registered voters don't bother to go to the polls—most Americans exercise their right to vote. They realize that their future is wrapped up in a special package—the ballot box. It's a package that must definitely be“handled with care”.

 

A. In 1971, the voting age was lowered to 18.

B. They felt the government of England didn't represent their interests.

C. Instead, voters cast their ballots for“electors”who support each candidate.

D. In America, elections are held every two years for members of Congress.

E. They also limited the amount of money candidates could receive from donors and spend on their campaigns.

F. That is an important concept in American history


The passage is mainly concerned with the


  • A、types and function of sleep


  • B、psychological role of dreams


  • C、 history of reptilian sleep patterns


  • D、influence of evolution on young animals


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